Learning Business Chinese – Phrases and Explanations

2011 June 3
by Alena

经贸汉语

Learn Business Chinese – Part II

Welcome to Hills Learning multi-part series on Chinese business idioms.  Our goal is to enhance your Chinese language understanding and communication in the business environment and culture and help you to learn the Chinese language essential and necessary in the business world.

1)      批发(pi1fa1) – wholesale; to wholesale

Definition: The selling of goods in large amounts at low prices to shops and businesses, rather than the selling of goods in shops to customers.

Example:他们以每件五美元的价格批发出售这些T恤衫。

Meaning: They wholesale the T-shirts at $5 each.

2)      零售 (ling2shou4) – retail; to sell retail

Definition: The selling of goods piece by piece or in small quantities.

Example: 他们大批地买进,再以零售方式卖出。

Meaning: They buy at wholesale and sell in retail.

3)      经济伦理 (jing1ji4 lun2li3) – business ethics

Definition: The critical, structured examination of how people and institutions should behave in the world of commerce.

Example:  经济伦理的核心问题是企业的权利和义务的问题。

Meaning: The core of the business ethics is the question of corporation’s rights and duties.

4)      跨国企业  (kua2guo4 qi3ye2) – a transnational enterprise

Definition: A multinational  corporation that maintains assets and/or operations in more than one country and  often has a long supply chain that requires the acquisition of raw materials in one country, a product’s manufacture in a second country, and its retail sale in a third country.

Example: 我们必须使跨国企业表现出更大的社会责任。

Meaning: We must make transnational enterprises more socially responsible.

5)       可持续发展 (ke3 chi2xu4 fa1zhan3) – sustainable development

Definition: Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs。

Example: 可持续发展理念是一种新的发展现。

Meaning:  The idea of sustainable development is a new idea.

6) 供大于求 (gong1 da4yu2 qiu2) – supply exceeds demand

Definition: An economic model of price determination in a market where supply increases and demand remains unchanged, which leads to lower equilibrium price and higher quantity.

Example: 供大于求将导致物价下跃。

Meaning: A surplus of supply will lead to a drop in price.

7)      履行义务 (lü3xing2 yi4wu4) – to carry out responsibilities, obligations; to fulfill

Definition: To perform a task; to bring to actuality, or effect something

Example: 他一直没履行义务,所以被解雇了。

Meaning:  He was fired because he had not carried out his duties.

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