Chinese Grammar – 6 Phrases to Remember

2011 July 8
by Alena

CHINESE GRAMMAR

句型

Mandarin grammar can be challenging for anyone learning the language. In some ways it is simpler than the grammar of European languages because there is no subject / verb agreements to worry about. However, it is significantly different from what most Westerners are used to. Hills Learning offers our students a multi-part series on Chinese grammar patterns. Regular practice will ingrain these patterns and help you master Mandarin grammar and correctly express your thoughts.

1)      以…..为例  (yi3……wei2li4)

Meaning: to take something/someone as an example

Example: 加入世贸并不意味消除腐败,一些南美国家为例,腐败并未因入世而减少。

Meaning: Being a member of WTO does not lead to elimination of corruption; one can take South American countries as an example, where the level of corruption remains the same.

2)      为此…..(wei2ci3)

Meaning: for this reason; because of this

Example: 他一直没履行自己的义务,为此被解雇了。

Meaning: He failed to carry out his responsibilities; that is why he was fired.

3)      简言之…..(jian3yan2zhi1)

Meaning: in short; briefly (usually used in the beginning of a sentence)

Example:  简言之,世贸组织的原则是开放,公平,透明。

Meaning: In short, the ideals of the United Nations are openness, equality and transparency.

4)      对了…..(dui4le0)

Meaning: by the way, besides (if used in the beginning of sentence; means that something has suddenly occurred to the speaker)

Example: 对了,冰箱里还有一瓶啤酒呢。

Meaning: By the way, there is a bottle of beer in the fridge.

Example: 对了,今天我还要去看大夫。

Meaning: Besides, I have to go to see the doctor today.

5)       非…..不可  (fei1….bu4ke3)

Meaning:

a)  cannot help but do something; must do something

b)      definitely, certainly, without any doubts

Example:  要想学好汉语,学好汉字不可

Meaning: Learning Chinese inevitably involves learning Chinese characters.

Example:  医生说住院不可

Meaning: The doctor says that I must go to the hospital.

Example:  你穿这么多少出去,感冒不可

Meaning: If you don’t put the warm clothes on and go outside, you will definitely catch cold.

6)      从而…..(cong2er2)

Meaning: therefore; thus; as result

Example: 大规模生产能降低成本,从而使产品便宜些。

Meaning: As a result of mass production the products have become less expensive.

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